Want to cook a great brisket or pork shoulder but don’t know which smoker to use? Then this guide is just for you!
Pellet smoker Vs Wood smoker Vs Offset smoker, what’s the difference? Pellet smokers use compressed wood pellets which run through an automated system that regulates temperature and smoke. Both offset and wood smokers are completely manual and require a constant flow of fresh fuel.
Read below to learn more about pellet and offset smokers, how they work, and the difference between them!
What Are Pellet Smokers?
Pellet smokers are what you get when you combine technology and tradition.
These specialized smokers were developed by Joe Traeger during the late 1980s — he wanted to use alternate and efficient means to cook food.
After multiple prototypes, Traeger finalized a system that would work using compressed wood pellets.
The pellets are made from sawdust — Traeger saw this as an ingenious way of recycling wood to power the grill!
The first, rather simple, iteration of the commercial pellet smoker was met with widespread acclaim and it didn’t take long for this humble business to become an industry giant!
Today, Traeger grills use technology (including Wi-Fi) and even motorized systems inside the grill to cook food. These grills have truly redefined the BBQ experience and continue to pave the way for efficient backyard cooking!
How Do Pellet Smokers Work?
Pellet smokers have multiple components that work together to cook food.
The first component is the hopper, which is a large container that holds all the pellets. Wood pellets can be bought from any reputable store and you can even buy them online. Here’s a great pack for anyone who wants to get started!
The hopper’s job is to hold and dispense the pellets using sensors and automated controls.
The pellets drop down to the pit, which can also be motorized. Once the pit is full of fresh pellets, metal heating elements heat the pellets from the bottom while large fans precisely control the air intake for better combustion.
This combination of heat and air ignites the pellets to very high temperatures. On average, you can expect a Traeger grill to reach anywhere from 180°F to up to 700°F!
At this point, smoke and heat start to build up inside the cooking chamber which, is securely sealed to keep all the flavor and heat inside.
After its initial operation, the grill goes into an automated state where it maintains the internal temperature of the grill as per your specifications. You can adjust the grill’s parameters using an external intuitive interface.
Pellet smokers use a series of thermometers that continuously feed live temperature data to the main processing unit. You can also use a separate meat probe thermometer that can also hook up with the system.
This will allow you to use presets and many other automated features to cook food just the way you like it — without you actually being there!
Benefits Of Pellet Smokers
Here are some of the advantages of pellet smokers:
- Pellet smokers are usually compact and can fit anywhere. They are also made from light materials which allows them to be moved around without the need for additional help.
- Pellet smokers can provide a decent smokey flavor that isn’t too strong nor too light — but you can also adjust the smoky flavor using some clever techniques.
- They can save you money on maintenance. While Traeger grills can require a hefty upfront investment, once you start using the grill, you will eventually start to save big on fuel, time, effort, and overall maintenance of the grill.
- Pellet smokers can give you precise control over the grill. You can tweak the grill in many ways and it will work precisely as per your specifications.
- You don’t need to babysit the grill while it is running. Most pellet smokers are highly efficient at burning wood pellets. Typically, pellet smokers burn 1 pound of pellets per hour and can easily maintain smoking temperatures.
- Ideally, you would want to purchase 2 pounds of pellets for every 1 pound of meat for the best experience. In other words, a pellet smoker can run for 6-20 hours depending on low or high heat settings.
Drawbacks Of Pellet Smokers
Here are some of the disadvantages of pellet smokers:
- The biggest drawback of pellet smokers is that they require power. If you don’t have access to an outlet, then you won’t be able to operate the grill. The entire system is built on a series of fans, heating elements, and electrical controls.
- Pellet smokers can’t cook a lot of meat at the same time since they usually have a small form factor.
- Pellet smokers are only compatible with wood pellets and you can’t use any other type of fuel source to operate the grill, which is why they only provide a wood-fired flavor!
- You can find hardwood charcoal pellets, but not all pellet smokers support this fuel source.
What Are Offset And Wood Smokers?
Offset and wood smokers are the same! These smokers use wood or coal as their primary fuel source instead of just pellets.
This gives you the advantage of getting more intense smoky flavors due to the variation of fuel and you can cook large quantities of meat at the same time because of the larger cooking chamber.
The design of offset smokers is simple, but elegant. Offset smokers consist of two components: 1) a firebox and 2) a cooking chamber.
The firebox is located on the side of the grill instead of at the bottom. This allows the meat to cook indirectly, like in an oven, but with greater smoky flavor and an arguably better bark.
How Do Offset/Wood Smokers Work?
To start the grill, you first need to put fuel inside the firebox. The fuel is then manually ignited and the box is then sealed using the attached lid.
The heat and smoke then travel through a chute into the main cooking chamber where it circulates and slowly cooks the meat to your desired preference.
An important thing to keep in mind here is that most offset smokers don’t use digital controls so you will have to manually adjust the smoker to maintain its temperature.
Offset grills can come equipped with built-in thermometers, but you may still need to use additional probes to keep an eye on the temperature of the meat.
Benefits Of Offset/Wood Smokers
Here are some of the advantages of offset/wood smokers:
- Offset smokers don’t use any tech, which means that you can operate them virtually anywhere without power.
- Offset smokers can impart a much more complex smoky flavor to food and are one of the best ways to slow cook meat.
- These smokers cost less and can last a long time (with maintenance) due to their simple design.
- You can use any type of fuel source to operate the grill. Most people prefer to use either wood or charcoal for flavor.
- Offset smokers are usually larger and can fit in more meat than other types of compact smokers.
- You can either use the firebox to grill food or you could also ditch the firebox and lay out the fuel at the bottom of the cooking chamber for bigger BBQs!
Drawbacks Of Offset/Wood Smokers
Here are some of the disadvantages of offset/wood smokers:
- These smokers are completely manual and require a greater understanding of BBQing and a lot of cooking experience.
- It can be easy to overcook or even burn food in an offset smoker due to the lack of temperature controls.
- These smokers require constant attention and you usually need to stay within range to keep an eye on the food and the firebox.
- The firebox requires a constant flow of fuel and since wood isn’t as compact as pellets, you need to regularly top it up.
- It can be difficult to maintain a stable temperature in offset smokers during winter, especially if you don’t use thermal insulation.
Quick Comparison Chart
Here’s a quick summary of the differences between these grills:
|Doesn’t require power
|Compressed wood pellets
|Regular wood, coal, or a combination of both
|Can impart a decent smoky flavor
|Provides a traditional heavy-smoked BBQ flavor
|Impact On Bark
|Can develop an even bark that retains some color
|Usually has a stronger bark with a dark black color
|Has a hefty upfront cost
|Cheaper than electronic grills
|Provides full temperature control
|Relies on user experience and guesswork (if not using thermometers)
|Easy to maintain
|Requires thorough clean-up
|Any type of meat
|Any type of meat and slow cook meat
|Can be used to broil, sear, smoke, and grill
|Can be used to broil, sear, smoke, and grill
Which Smoker Is Best?
Pellet smokers are great for people who are looking for versatility and automation, as well as for BBQ enthusiasts who want great-tasting food without putting in a lot of effort or attention.
Pellet smokers can easily cook any type of meat and can be used to cook multiple types of recipes!
Offset smokers are perfect for people who want an affordable and portable solution that doesn’t require power and can impart a traditional BBQ smoky flavor.
Offset smokers are also great for seasoned experts who have grilling experience — and for people who want full manual control over the cooking process.
The choice really comes down to you — go forth and grill the way you want!