Those who love a little bit of heat and spice in their food would be looking for the best additions to their meals to give them that extra kick.
With so many different types of chilies and peppers, and a few of them tasting the same to most of us, finding the best spicy addition to a meal, and finding one which is the perfect spice level that you want, can be difficult.
There are two popular spice additions used in cooking, red pepper flakes, and chili flakes. The two look quite similar and are usually sold dried and in a glass spice jar.
But, what is the difference between the two? The main difference between red pepper flakes and chili flakes is that red pepper flakes are made up of a variety of peppers, while chili flakes are made with just chili. The spice level of each differs as well, and the taste that either gives to a dish.
To know which would be best for you to include in your next spicy dinner, keep reading to find out the characteristics of each, how they are different from each other, and which might be perfect for you!
Are Red Pepper Flakes And Chili Flakes Different?
Red pepper flakes and chili flakes are not the same thing.
Both are made with different peppers, with chili flakes only being made with chili pepper, and red pepper flakes are made with a variety of red peppers, which have different heat levels.
The two might look very similar at first, but chili flakes are mostly one red color throughout, whereas red pepper flakes are different whites and reds, all from different pepper varieties.
Red pepper flakes and chili flakes offer different heat levels, and different tastes, to meals.
So while you might be able to use them interchangeably, one won’t give the same taste and heat that the other would give to a meal, so finding out the differences between the two does help you figure out which is best for your tastes!
All About Red Pepper Flakes
Red pepper flakes hold a complex flavor, as they are made from a mixture of more than one pepper.
The peppers used in red pepper flakes can vary quite a bit, which does have a bit of an effect on the taste and heat level of the red pepper flakes.
Some of the most popular peppers used are cayenne red peppers, bell peppers, Anaheim peppers, Fresno peppers, and sometimes jalapeno peppers.
The complexity of flavors does go great in different meals and dishes, and the extra kick you get from red pepper flakes adds depth to a dish.
The heat level of red pepper flakes does vary. The spice level could be fairly mild, or it can be really quite hot.
To check the heat level of red pepper flakes, without eating them, you could look at the label to see which peppers the red pepper flakes are made from, or even if there is a heat level indicator.
You should also look for the number of seeds in the flakes, as the seeds are what give peppers most of their heat. The more seeds in a mix of red pepper flakes, the spicier it is likely to be.
Color Of Red Pepper Flakes
As the name suggests, red pepper flakes are mostly red, but with the use of different peppers, red pepper flakes do have different hues.
Red pepper flakes can be a mix of whites and different reds, depending on the types of peppers used. The seeds also add to the varying color of the red pepper flakes.
Uses For Red Pepper Flakes
Red pepper flakes can really be quite hot, and for those who are sensitive to heat, it might be way too much heat in a meal.
For those who love heat in their meals, red pepper flakes can be used to flavor many different meals, from sauces to pasta and pizza toppings.
Using red pepper flakes offers a good way to add heat to a dish without having to chop up chilies and a variety of peppers, which get messy quickly!
All About Chili Flakes
Chili flakes are made from one type of pepper, the chili pepper. The most popular types of chili peppers used to make chili flakes are chipotle chili peppers and Aleppo chili peppers.
With only one type of pepper used to make chili flakes, you are really able to appreciate the flavor and taste of the chili, without losing it amongst different flavors.
Chili flakes can be considerably hot, and a little goes a long way when using them to make a meal, but the flavor that chili flakes give to a dish is worth the heat!
Chili flakes are not as hot as red pepper flakes might be, but this also depends on the type of chili used to make the chili flakes.
With a sweet note, chilies have a good balance between heat and flavor and are actually a great option for those who are just starting out with eating spicy food.
Although milder than red pepper flakes, chili flakes do still hold some heat, so go easy with how much you sprinkle on your food!
Color Of Chili Flakes
When chilies are processed to be dried and made into chili flakes, the seeds are removed from the chili.
Due to this, the color of chili flakes is fairly uniform and is most commonly red. The color can vary from a very dark red down to a lighter red, but this is dependent on the type of chili that is used.
Uses For Chili Flakes
Chili flakes can be used for just about anything you want to prepare in the kitchen or eat. Chili flakes can be added to meals as they are cooked, or they can be sprinkled on top of a pizza or salad just before eating.
Their versatility in the kitchen, and the fact that they can be cooked or eaten as is, makes them a favorite of many chefs and home cooks!
Red Pepper Flakes Vs Chili Flakes
The four main differences between chili flakes and red pepper flakes are their make-up, their colors, their taste, and how they are used in the kitchen.
Understanding the differences between the two not only gives you more tools to work with in the kitchen, but it also allows you to better pair ingredients together when cooking, and ensure you have the right heat level for your different meals!
These are the main differences between red pepper flakes and chili flakes:
Difference In Make-Up
The biggest difference between red pepper flakes and chili flakes is what they are made of, which is where all the other differences come from after.
Red pepper flakes are made from a mixture of more than one type of pepper, which gives it more complexity.
The peppers usually used to make red pepper flakes include Fresno peppers, bell peppers, jalapeno peppers, cayenne peppers, and Anaheim peppers.
When it comes to chili flakes, only one type of pepper is used.
This means that you will only get the taste and heat from one pepper when using this in your food, which in a way gives you the opportunity to enjoy the delicacy of the chili pepper.
The most common chili peppers used to make chili flakes are Urfa Biber chili peppers, Allepo chili peppers, and chipotle chili peppers.
These all have great flavors on their own, and don’t need to be combined with other peppers to be tasty!
Difference In Color
We all associated peppers and chili with the color red and both red pepper flakes and chili flakes are mostly red, but there are some subtle differences between the two.
Chili flakes go through processing which removes all of the seeds from the pepper before they are turned into dried chili flakes. Because of this, chili flakes are usually red throughout without much of a change of color between.
However, the red does vary from dark, deep red to a lighter shade depending on the type of chili which has been used.
Red pepper flakes have a more varied color, as it is made from different types of peppers. There are some light reds, and then some darker ones too.
There are also some white colors from the seeds, which are left in when the peppers are turned into red pepper flakes.
Difference In Taste
There is quite a difference in taste between red pepper flakes and chili flakes. Chili flakes do have some heat to them, but this heat is dependent on which chili pepper was used to make the flakes.
Chilies do have some sweetness to them as well and have a milder flavor which does not alter the taste of food too much.
Chili flakes are recommended for those who are starting out with heat and don’t want anything that might be too hot to handle.
Red pepper flakes are known to be hotter than chili flakes, especially because there is an assortment of peppers used, ranging from mild to hot.
This is also exaggerated by the fact that the seeds are still in the peppers when they are processed and are not removed beforehand.
Seeds add quite a bit of heat and are where the main spiciness of the peppers comes from.
Always check the label of red pepper flakes before making a purchase just to see which peppers are included to determine what the heat level might be!
Difference In Uses
Chili flakes and red pepper flakes can be interchangeable, but it is important to know that red pepper flakes will bring more heat to a dish than chili flakes will.
Chili flakes are great to add to almost any dishes, whether while cooking or to sprinkle on top of a meal for extra seasoning and flavor once it has been served.
Red pepper flakes are also very versatile and can be added to just about any dish as well. However, you should proceed with caution because red pepper flakes are hot and will add a good level of heat to a dish.
Like chili flakes, red pepper flakes can be sprinkled over foods such as salad and pizza once it has been cooked, but it will change the dish quite a bit, as the heat won’t be as subtle or mild as what chili flakes are.
However, if you love all things spicy, this isn’t necessarily a bad thing!
How Do I Substitute Red Pepper Flakes And Chili Flakes?
Red pepper flakes and chili flakes work well as substitutes for each other, even though they do have a difference in taste and heat.
When using red pepper flakes in place of chili powder, you should only add in half the quantity of red pepper flakes of what the recipe calls for with chili powder.
To substitute chili powder for red pepper flakes, you could either add in the same amount and have less heat in the meal, or you could add in some more to reach the same heat that the red pepper flakes would have given the meal.
What Can I Use In Place Of Chili Flakes And Red Pepper Flakes?
If you have neither red pepper flakes nor chili flakes at home, then you would need to look for a substitute to use to add spice to your meal.
You can substitute red pepper flakes for chili flakes, or vice versa, but if you don’t have either, you could use cayenne powder, chili powder, dried chilies, chili paste, or hot sauce as substitutes.
This will all depend on the type of meal you are making, and how hot you want your food to be once it is cooked.
Dried chilies, cayenne powder, and chili powder are closest to the texture and consistency of chili flakes and red pepper flakes, but for saucier recipes, chili paste or hot sauce work well.
Red Pepper Flakes Vs Chili Flakes
While they seem quite similar, there are a few differences between red pepper flakes and chili flakes that you should know.
The peppers used to make either are different, with red pepper flakes being made up of a variety of peppers, while chili flakes are made just with chili pepper. This gives them their own heat level, unique taste, and color too.
If you are looking for something with a subtle kick of heat, chili flakes are a good option. If you are wanting to add a decent amount of heat to your food, red pepper flakes will definitely do the trick!
Now that we’ve gone over the differences between red pepper flakes and chili flakes, let’s take a look at a few related questions on the subject!
Is there a difference between chili powder and chili flakes?
Chili powder and chili flakes are both made with dried chili peppers, but chili flakes are small chopped pieces of dried chili, whereas chili powder is fine, and much like a powder.
Chili powder can often include other ingredients, such as oregano, garlic powder, salt, and cumin, which gives it a fuller flavor.
Can I substitute paprika for red pepper flakes?
Paprika does have more of a smoky flavor than red pepper flakes, but you can use it as a substitute in different meals. To substitute paprika for red chili flakes, you should only add in 1/3 of paprika to 1 teaspoon of red pepper flakes.
Are cayenne pepper and red pepper flakes considered the same thing?
Cayenne pepper is one of the peppers popularly used to make red pepper flakes, but other peppers are also included in a red pepper flake mix, whereas cayenne pepper flakes are made from cayenne peppers alone.
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